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Thyagaraja Temple( also called as Vadivudai Amman Temple ) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Hindu god Shiva. It is located in Tiruvottiyurin the northern part of Chennai,Tamil Nadu,India. The temple is revered by the Tevaramhymns of Saivanayanars, the 7th century Tamil saint poets and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. The temple is closely associated with the saint poet Sundararand Pattinathar. The temple has been in vogue from the Pallavatimes of 7th century and widely expanded by Cholakings during the 11th century. The temple has a seven tiered gateway tower, a tank, with the overall temple area covering 1 acre. The temple is administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu. The temple draws parallel with the Thygaraja temple in Tiruvaruras both the temples were expanded by Rajendra Chola Iand both have the same dance poses of Shiva.
The temple was the centre of learning, with the halls inside the temple acting as venue for religious discourses in subjects like vyakarna (translation), Somasiddantha (philosophy) and Panini's grammar. There was a hermitage attached to the temple during 9th century, presided over by Caturananas Pandithar. The temple also had philosophical discourses and expositions on grammar. There are references to recital of Prabhakara, Rudra,Yamala, Purana, Sivadharma, Panchangaand Bharata. Lands were granted to learned scholars and their generation like Vedavritti, Bhattavriti,Vaidyavrittiand Archanavritti. There are a number of inscriptions inside the temple dating back to Pallava period. Sankaracharya, the 8th century scholar in the advaita school of Hinduismis believed to have visited the temple to put down the power of evil. The temple was originally built by Pallavasand later rebuilt by Rajendra Chola I. The inscription dating 954 CE, the fifth year of the Chola king Gandaradityaindicates 90 sheep for burning lamps andilavilaku, a lamp made in Sri Lanka). The inscriptions dating from 1046 CE reveal that 64 bronze nayanmar statues were installed in the temple. There were equal number of dancing girls called Devadasiin the temple, who were divided into two groups – the valankai dasisdanced for Thyagaraja, while the idangai dasisdanced for Vadivudaiamman. During the reign of the Malik Kafur, much of the temple was destroyed and the bronze idols present now in the temple were installed during the Vijayanagara period of 15th century. 13th-century inscription indicates the practise of animal sacrifice to the goddess, which continued along with offering intoxicating drink till the early 2000s. Famous saints like Pattinathar, Topeswamigal and Ramalinga Swamigal lived in this town and prayed Thyagaraja in this temple. This place is also home to Thiruvottiyur Thyagayyar who is a carnatic composer and poet.
Sannathi St, Gopal Nagar, Tiruvottiyur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600019