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Qutub Minar is also spelled as Qutb Minar, which built in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak immediately after the defeat of Delhi's last Hindu kingdom. Qutub Minar is the best example of Islamic-Hindu architecture. Which is made of red sandstone and marble, Qutb Minar is a 73-meter (240 feet) tall tapering tower with a diameter of 14.32 meters (47 feet) at the base and 2.75 meters (9 feet) at the top. Inside the tower, a circular staircase with 379 steps leads to the peak. In 1200 AD, Qutb al-Din Aibak, the originator of the Delhi Sultanate started construction of the Qutb Minar. In 1220, Aibak's successor and son-in-law Iltutmish figured three more storeys to the tower. In 1369, lightning hit the top storey, damaged it completely. So, Firoz Shah Tughlaq carried out reconstruction work replacing the damaged storey with two new storeys every year, made of red sandstone and white marble.
Qutab Minar was built adjacent with Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque around 1192 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak, the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. The mosque complex is one of the earliest that remains in the Indian subcontinent. The minar is named after Qutab-ud-din Aibak, or Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, a Sufi saint. Its ground storey was built over the wrecks of the Lal Kot, the citadel of Dhillika. Aibak's successor Iltutmish added three more storeys. The minar's top storey was damaged by lightning in 1369 and was rebuilt by Firuz Shah Tughlaq, who added another storey. In 1505, an earthquake damaged Qutub Minar, Sikander Lodi repaired it. On 1 September 1803, a notable earthquake caused severe damage. Major Robert Smith of the British-Indian Army rebuilt the tower in 1828 and installed a pillared cupola over the fifth story, thus creating a sixth. The roof was taken down in 1848, under instructions from The Viscount Hardinge, then Governor General of India. It was reestablished at ground level to the east of Qutab Minar, where it remains. It is known as "Smith's Folly".
Qutub Minar, Mehrauli, New Delhi, Delhi 110030