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Sabarmati Ashram (also popular as Gandhi Ashram, Satyagraha Ashram, or Harijan Ashram) is located in the Sabarmati suburb of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, adjoining the Ashram Road, on the banks of the River Sabarmati. It is just four miles from the town hall. This was one of the residences of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, generally called Mahatma Gandhi, who lived here for about twelve years. Mahatma Gandhi lived here along with his wife, Kasturba Gandhi. This ashram was originally established at the Kocharab Bungalow of Jivanlal Desai, a barrister and friend of Gandhi, on 25 May 1915. At that time the ashram was named the Satyagraha Ashram. Gandhi wanted to carry out various activities such as agriculture and animal husbandry, in addition to other pursuits which called for the need of a much larger area of useable land. So two years later, on June 17 th 1917, the ashram was shifted to an area of thirty-six acres on the banks of the river Sabarmati, and it came to be known as the Sabarmati Ashram.
It is believed that this is one of the oldest ashram sites of Dadhichi Rishi who had donated all his bones for a righteous war. His main ashram is situated in Naimisharanya, near Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. The Sabarmati Ashram is located between a jail and a crematorium, and Mahatma Gandhi believed that a satyagrahi has invariably to go to either place. Gandhi said, This is the appropriate place for our movement to carry on the search for fact and grow bravery, for on one side are the steel bolts of the outsider, and on the other the thunderbolts of Mother Nature. While living at the ashram, Gandhi also build a tertiary school that concentrated on manual labour, literacy and agriculture, to advance his efforts for the nation's self-sufficiency. It was also from here that on 12 March 1930, Gandhi marched to Dandi, 241 miles from the ashram, with 78 companions in protest at the British Salt Law, which added on the taxes on Indian salt to promote sales of British salt in India. It was this march and the successive illegal production of salt (Gandhi boiled up some salty mud in seawater) that spurred hundreds of thousands across India to join in, either in the unlawful production, buying or selling of salt. This mass civil strike, in turn, led to the jailing of some 60,000 freedom fighters by the British Raj over the following three weeks. Subsequently, the government seized the ashram. Later after independence, the Indian government has established the ashram as a national monument.
Sabarmati Ashram, Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya, Ashram Rd, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380027.